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Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Overview

Learning Objectives

  • Identify the ways HIV, HBV, and HCV pathogens are transmitted
  • Identify basic precautions to prevent exposure
  • Identify actions to take in case of exposure to bloodborne pathogens

Available in English, Spanish

5 Minutes

Mobile Ready

The goal of this training is to educate employees to minimize their exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

Bloodborne Pathogens Safety | Infographic

Bloodborne pathogens are viruses carried in human blood and other body fluids that cause disease in people. There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria and syphilis, but the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses, which can each lead to liver cancer, pose the most serious threat of workplace exposure.

Perhaps no other profession is more at risk of the hazards posed by bloodborne pathogens than the medical profession, but that’s not to say that awareness and prevention measures shouldn’t be prevalent in all workplaces, because the price of ignorance can be very costly and simple understanding of some bloodborne pathogen basics, really can save lives.

In the workplace, transmission is usually through injuries from contaminated sharp objects that penetrate the skin, such as needles, knives, broken glass, or from splashes into the mucous membranes of your eyes, nose, or mouth, or through exposed openings or abrasions in the skin from scratches, cuts, bites, or wounds.

Rule number one: treat all blood and body fluids as if they were infected. Always wear disposable gloves whenever there is a potential for exposure to blood, body fluids, or other potentially infectious materials. Additional personal protective equipment (PPE) may be required, depending upon the circumstances.

Course Outline
  • Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Overview
Regulations
  • 29 CFR 1910.1030 Subpart Z, Toxic and Hazardous Substances, Bloodborne Pathogens
  • 29 CFR 1910.1030 Appendix A - Hepatitis B Vaccine Declination (Mandatory)
  • 29 CFR 1904.7 - General recording criteria
  • 29 CFR 1904.8 - Recording criteria for needlestick and sharps injuries
  • CPL 02-02-069 - CPL 2-2.69 - Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens
  • OSHA Fact Sheet 02/01/1993. Most frequently asked questions concerning the bloodborne pathogen standard.
  • U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Guidance Documents & Resources
  • 29CFR 1910.1020 – Access to Employee Medical and Exposure Records
  • OSHA Standard Interpretations for 1910.1030 – Bloodborne Pathogens
  • UNAIDS. AIDS Epidemic Update, December, 2003.
  • Fleming, P.L. et al. HIV Prevalence in the United States, 2000. 9th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Seattle, Wash., Feb. 24-28, 2002. Abstract 11.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - HIV and AIDS - United States, 1981-2001, MMWR 2001;50:430-434
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - HIV Prevention Strategic Plan: Extended Through 2010, October 2007
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2002;14:1-40
  • National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)